Diabetes occurs when there is too much glucose in the blood stream. There are three different types of diabetes and each can lead to serious health complications if not managed properly.
Type 1 occurs when your body attacks the cells in your pancreas which means it cannot make any insulin.
Type 2 occurs when your body is unable to make enough insulin or the insulin you do make doesn’t work properly.
Gestational diabetes occurs when a woman without diabetes develops high blood sugar levels during pregnancy.
Having high blood glucose (or sugar) levels can lead to serious health complications, no matter which type you have.
A healthy diet and regular exercise can help to manage your diabetes and to prevent health complications.
Knowing how food affects your blood glucose levels is important in helping to manage your diabetes, particularly carbohydrates. The quality and quantity of carbohydrate you eat will affect your blood glucose levels.
Eating a general healthy diet is important for many reasons, not just good quality carbohydrates, but foods that contain fibre and protein can also help to regulate blood sugar levels.
Tips to help manage your diabetes:
- Eat a wide variety of foods including fresh vegetables, fruit, wholegrain breads/cereals, dairy and lean protein or protein alternatives.
- Aim to eat regular meals and snacks
- Include a high fibre/low GI carbohydrate with each meal
- Aim for a high fibre diet including plenty of vegetables/salad, fruit and wholegrain breads/cereals. Aim to include 2-3 serves of vegetables or salad with lunch and dinner meals.
- Reduce processed foods that are high in sugar and saturated fat such as pies, pastries, chocolate, cake, soft drinks and take-away foods
- Limit alcohol to no more than 2 standard drinks per day with 2 alcohol free days per week
- Aim for 30 minutes of physical activity per day (Check with your doctor before initiating a physical activity regime)
Written by Kelly McKimm, Accredited Practising Dietitian
Nutrition Force is a Western Australian based company of Nutritionists and Accredited Practising Dietitians that offer weight loss programs, private dietetic consultations, children’s nutrition & dietetics, school nutrition and Corporate Wellness programs. If you would like more information on our Perth Dietitians and the other services we offer call us today on (08) 9385 7755.